Blackheads and Spots

The formation of skin blackheads and whiteheads
Q: How can I keep my face free from blackheads and spots?
A: Well, blackheads are clogged pores in the skin which can become inflamed and infected, causing pustules or “pimples”. The sebaceous glands of the skin become clogged by dirt and the glands’ own sebum and generally need to be cleansed to prevent the formation of whiteheads or pimples.
One of the easiest methods of removing blackheads is to use a hot cloth to steam the pores on your face then cleanse the area using a mild cleanser. Rinse the cleanser from the skin using warm water and follow it up with another application of a hot cloth. Use a gentle astringent to remove any residue of oil and/or cleanser from the skin and to re-tighten the pores.
The hot cloth will help to open the pores allowing the cleanser to penetrate more deeply and clean more effectively. You may also want to try one of the self-heating facial masks that are now available which help open the pores and clean the skin more deeply.
Blemishes can be treated using any of the common preparations on the market. Look for creams or gels containing salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, or retinoic acid. These will help to clear up blemishes and control the oil levels in the skin, preventing new outbreaks.
See also:
Disorders of the skin
Anatomy of the skin